BJP is the abbreviated term for the Bharatiya Janata Party, a major political party of India.
The Bharatiya Janata party, or the BJP, is one of the two major political parties in India, with the INC, or the Indian National Congress being the other. Formerly active as the Bharatiya Jana Sangh between the years of 1951 and 1977, the BJP came into existence in December 1980. The party functions all over the country, but operates from its headquarters, which is situated in New Delhi, the capital of India.
There are two basic tenets, upon which Bharatiya Janata Party’s philosophy is founded. These two are namely: Ekatma Manavavada and Hindutva, which when translated to English, roughly mean Integral Humanism and Hindu Nationalism respectively. The Party has repeatedly stressed upon these issues, while addressing election campaigns or public gatherings alike. This is also one of the reasons why BJP considers itself, and is considered as a right-wing party in the Indian political spectrum.
Manavavada or Integral Humanism is a term which was first coined by Deendayal Upadhyaya, a highly reputed Indian author. At a time when the country’s political structure appeared to be oscillating between capitalism and socialism, Upadhyaya advocated an apparent middle path between the two, i.e. Integral Humanism. He first mentioned this term in a book titled after the same, which came out in the year 1965. By rejecting lifestyles prescribed under capitalism and socialism, Integral Humanism essentially means being devoted to the social and overall welfare of the average citizen of a country.
Another important philosophy that the BJP strongly believes in, is Hindutva, or Hindu Nationalism. One way of understanding Hindutva is to see it as absolute Hinduness. Hindutva aims at promoting the innate cultural and traditional values of the Hindu religion. As per Hindutva, Western culture and philosophy shouldn’t gain precedence over the glorious and illustrious heritage of Hinduism and India. The BJP fervently mentions secularism as a prime aspect of Hindutva. However, in Western culture and traditions, secularism is independent and at times means the absence of religion or religious following. Whereas, Hindutva as a pivotal fragment of BJP's ideology, describes its brand of secularism to be “Sarva Dharma Samabhava”, which means all religions be treated equally.
As of 2013, the BJP is headed by its President, Rajnath Singh. Apart from its president, the BJP operates through structurally designated personalities such as party vice presidents, general secretaries, state electives, etc. The BJP is also branched out into various subsidiary parties supporting significant issues such as education, women empowerment, labor exploitation, etc. The Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha, the BJP Mahila Morcha, the BJP Minority Morcha, etc. are chief examples of such parties. The BJP is served by leaders and politicians such as Narendra Modi, Arun Jaitley, Sushma Swaraj, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, etc.