Dengue Fever - Symptoms and Precautions

The most common symptoms of dengue fever are fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pain, and rash.

 

Dengue fever is a widespread disease that leads to thousands of death around the word every year. The fever is spread through the bite of a mosquito and the symptoms start to appear after 3 to 14 days after the initial bite. Until that time, people won’t even know that they are infected. What’s worse is that there is no cure for dengue, nor is there any vaccine to prevent its occurrence. Doctors can only treat the symptoms of the disease, and like a cold the best way to heal is to drink plenty of fluids and get adequate rest. While doing so, the patients can only hope that the dengue fever does not turn into dengue hemorrhagic fever, which can be deadly.

There has been an increase in the number of dengue cases in recent year. Yet, a number of these cases are misidentified as the symptoms of dengue are very similar to flu. However, dengue should be suspected if the symptoms include high fever as well as two of the other following symptoms.

Symptoms of dengue fever

  • Mild fever to incapacitating high fever
  • Severe headache
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Flat, red rash
  • Rash, similar to measles
  • Swollen glands
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Nasal stuffiness
  • Fatigue
  • Skin sensitivity

Symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever or severe dengue

  • High fever
  • Abdominal pain
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Bleeding
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Bleeding from nose or gums
  • Black, tarry stools
  • Vomiting blood
  • Pale, cold, or clammy skin

Precautions

Dengue fever cannot be passed on through human to human contact, so only way to prevent the disease is to avoid a mosquito bite. Of course, that is easier said than done. Mosquitoes are prevalent everywhere in the world, despite the climate. They especially thrive in tropical climates. However, it is possible to reduce the chances of infection by taking the proper precautions, such as preventing the breeding of mosquitoes by proper disposal of wastes and stagnant water, as well as keeping areas, especially dark corners clean. Loose clothing, mosquito repellent, and netting can also help reduce exposure to mosquitoes.

Image Courtesy: gyanwalebaba.com

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