Common nouns are general names.
A noun is a word that refers to people, places and things. There are two main types of nouns: common nouns and proper nouns. A common noun is a type of noun that refers to things. It is the general name of things. For example: mat, bat, hat, state, country. A mat refers to any kind of mat. There are many mats. Hence, mat is the general name for that thing.
Common nouns are the most basic types of nouns. There cannot be a language without common nouns. Common nouns are the names we give to general stuff, and without names to call stuff, we wouldn’t even have a language. Even if we did have manage to have a semblance of a language, it would be very confusing, as we wouldn’t have names to refer to things.
As compared to common nouns, proper nouns are the names of people or places. For example, New York City is a city. In this case, city is the common noun, as it is the general name for cities. There are many cities. However, there is only one New York City. New York City is the proper name for a city. Hence, New York City is the proper noun.
Similarly, people are generally common nouns. For examples, gardener, teacher, doctor, police officer, mailman, etc. are all common nouns. However, their proper names, such as Ms. Smith, or John Smith, would be the proper nouns.
Examples of Common nouns:
You broke my favorite mug.
I want a new shirt.
There is food in the refrigerator.
Let’s go to the mall.
My grandmother is in town.
I saw a kid riding a bicycle.