Cricket is a bat and ball game, played between two teams of eleven players each. The objective of the game is for a team to score more runs than its opponent.
Cricket is played on a rectangular 22-yard long ‘pitch’ on the field. The game is dived into two halves, wherein each team takes its turn to bat, while the other team bowls and fields. Each turn is called as ‘an innings’. The three main parts of the game are:
- Batting and
The game begins with a coin toss between the two playing teams, wherein it is decided which team will bat or bowl first. After deciding, the team which is to bowl first takes its position on the field and two batsmen from the opposing team take their place on the pitch.
In the game, the primary mission of a bowler is to get the batsman out. He throws the ball towards the batsman, bouncing it once before it arrives. Here, the skilled bowlers can release the ball with so much spin such that it jumps off the ground in a different direction, fooling the batsman.
The two batsmen, at opposite ends of the pitch, use a flat bat of willow wood to hit the ball. Only one batsman hits the ball, while the other waits for the ball to be put into play so he can score runs. The batsman tries to prevent the ball from hitting the wicket and if possible, hit the ball onto the field. Once a hit is in play, the batsmen run to the opposite crease, past each other, scoring runs. They can do this as many times as possible, but before the fielding team throws the ball back onto the pitch.
Then, there are fielders who are spread out all over the field. Their job to help the bowler and stop the batsmen form scoring runs in the game. Also, there are wickets behind the batsmen. Wickets are three stumps hammered into the ground at each end of the pitch. The vertical ‘stumps’, hold two small ‘bails’ on top. The bowler attempts to knock the bails off by striking the wicket and the batsman tries to stop the ball from hitting the wicket.
When all the members of the team have batted, they then switch positions with the other team. When both the team have batted, the game ends. The team that has the most runs at the end of the game wins.