ICC stands for ‘International Cricket Council’. It is an international and the principal governing body of cricket.
On 15th June 1909, representatives from England, Australia and South Africa met and laid the foundation for ICC, which was then known as ‘Imperial Cricket Conference’. It started as of a league between countries within the British Empire. In the beginning there were only 3 nations as members, but by 1989 the number had increased to 9 nations, and new rules had to be adopted for the game. This also led to a change of name from “Imperial Cricket Conference” to ‘International Cricket Council’.
Currently, the ICC has 106 member countries, wherein there are 10 full members who play the official Test matches, 37 associate members, and 59 affiliated members. The main ICC headquarters are located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and work under the authority of its current CEO, David Richardson. Also, the current chairman and the president of this council are Anil Kumble and Alan Isaac, respectively.
The main idea behind the foundation of this council was to organize and govern international cricket matches, and it certainly has lived up to its expectations. The ICC Cricket World Cup is one such notable example. Nonetheless, the World Cup tournament is a major source of income for the ICC. However, of the total income, majority of it is distributed to the council members.
The ICC is like a concerned principal of school, it completely looks over the rules and regulations for the matches. It governs the playing conditions, bowling reviews, and other important set of rules. Although, it has no exclusive rights over the laws of cricket, it is known to have bent a few rules. It strictly adheres to its rules, and in case of a breach, it applies sanctions through fines. In short, they believe in their motto of “Great Sport, Great Spirit”!
Another important function of the council is to appoint the umpires and referees to officiate in the sanctioned Test matches for ODI’s and Twenty20 Internationals. It is also required to set the professional standards of discipline for cricket, i.e. it promotes the ICC Code of Conduct. Along the lines, there is an Anti-Corruption and Security Unit (ACSU) in the council, which co-ordinates action against corruption and match-fixing between teams. However, the ICC has no control over the domestic matches between its member countries, which also include any or other domestic Test matches.