The government is for the people, by the people. Hence, the people have a right to know what the government is doing. For this purpose, the Indian Government passed the RTI Act. RTI stands for Right to Information, which ideally every citizen should have.
The RTI Act was passed on 15 June 2005, but it did not come into effect until 12 October 2005. It replaced the previously enacted Freedom of information Act, 2002. The purpose of the RTI Act was “to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens”.
According to the act, any citizen of India can request information from a “public authority”, which has to reply within 30 days. The Act also requires every public authority to computerize their records for ease of distribution and access. The Act is active in all States and Union Territories of India except Jammu & Kashmir.