Mount Everest is the highest mountain on earth, measuring 8,848 meters in height.
Mount Everest is possibly the biggest dream of every mountain climber in the world. This is simply so because of the sheer height of the mountain. Mount Everest measures 29,029 feet above sea level, or 8,848 meters in height. This measurement is equivalent to the height apportioned by five Empire State buildings stacked up vertically over each other.
Located in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayan mountain range, Mount Everest is also famous as the ‘rooftop of the world’. The Himalayan mountain range sits perfectly along the borders of Nepal and Tibet. The mountain ranges are also flanked by India and China on two sides. The Himalayas were formed as a result of the Indo-Australian plate crashing into the Eurasian plate. Consequently, the existing sea bed between the two plates was crushed and rose up as the Himalayan mountain range.
Flora and Fauna
Mount Everest is named after its founder Sir George Everest, who was the British Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843. Mount Everest is surrounded by neighboring peaks such as Lhotse, (27,940 feet/8,516 meters); Nuptse, (25,771 feet/7,855 meters); and Changtobse, (24,870 feet/7,580 meters). Such high altitudes make it difficult and almost impossible to survive on Everest, which is why no flora and fauna can be found on the Everest. However, the lower areas do constitute birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron plantations.
Likewise, no wild animals are found near the summit and the upper ranges of the mountain, as there is very little concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere at that level of altitude. In the lower altitudes though, species of animals such as Musk deer, wild yak, red panda, snow leopard and Himalayan black can be spotted. A small population of animals such as Himalayan thars, deer, langur monkeys, hares, mountain foxes, martens, and Himalayan wolves, etc. have also made the lower ranges of Everest their home.
Weather at the top
Climate at the top of Mount Everest can be extremely harsh to deal with. As the altitude increases, the oxygen content of the air decreases dramatically. For instance, at 9,800 feet, there's about 2/3rd oxygen in the air than at the sea level. At 20,000 ft, the oxygen is roughly half the other content in air. At 29,029ft, which is the summit of Everest, there is only a third of oxygen in the air. The region of the Everest above the 8,000 meter mark is known as the ‘death zone’, as the temperature there is prone to dipping very low. To make matters worse, there are dangerous jet streams blowing there as well, which blow at a blistering speed of more than 118 miles per hour. This is the reason why Everest climbers have to Acclimatize themselves well, before aiming to reach the mountain peak.
Attempts of climbing the peak
Till date, there have been more than 5,000 attempts at climbing Mount Everest. Of these, about 77% have gone on to conquer the peak, while 219 have died trying so. The year 2007 recorded the highest number of climbing attempts in a single year, when there were 633 attempts made at climbing the Everest. There are two ways at present for climbing the Mount Everest. One is the southeastern ridge of the mountain that is accessible from Nepal, and the other is the northern ridge of the mountain which is accessible from Tibet. Of the two paths, the former is more preferable, as it is easier and was the one used in the first ever successful attempt at reaching the peak of the mountain. The two gentlemen who participated in this historic event were Sir Edmund Hilary of New Zealand, and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal. The pair reached the summit of Mount Everest on May 29, 1953. They made a cross on the surface and left some sweets there in order to mark their historic climb to the peak of the tallest mountain in the world.
Everest the tallest?
It’s a well known fact that Mount Everest holds the record for being the highest mountain in the world, but what’s fairly unknown that it’s not the tallest from the base to the peak. Mauna Kea, which is located in Hawaii holds the distinct honor of being the tallest mountain in the world, in terms of measurement from the base of the mountain to its peak. Mauna Kea measures an impressive 33,840 feet (10,204 meters), but rises only about 13,796 feet (4205 meters) above sea level, which is where it loses out to Mount Everest that reaches nearly five and a half miles (8.85 km) into the sky, upon measuring from sea level.
Mount Everest Conquered!