Pepper Spray is an agent that can cause tears, pain, and temporary blindness.
Today people are more knowledgeable about the dangers they face on a daily basis. Often this danger comes from other people. We have to be knowledgeable and alert in order to protect ourselves from ourselves from this danger. When speaking of self-defense, we commonly here of a substance called Pepper Spray.
The Pepper Spray, also known as OC spray, OC gas, and capsicum spray. The OC stands for "oleoresin capsicum". It is a lachrymatory agent, commonly known as tear gas. A lachrymatory agent is a non-lethal chemical weapon that causes tears, pain, and even temporary blindness. It is often used policing, riot control, crowd control, and personal self-defense. It can even be used as a self-defense again dogs and bears.
The main ingredient in pepper spray is capsaicin, which is a chemical derived from the fruit of plants in the Capsicum genus, including chillies. The chilies or capsicum is finely grounded, from which the capsaicin is then extracted using an organic solvent such as ethanol. The solution is the evaporated, to obtain the wax-like resin known as oleoresin capsicum.
The oleoresin capsicum usually comes in a canister that can be sprayed; hence the name, pepper spray. The pepper comes from the chilli pepper from which the compound is derived. The canisters are often small enough to be carried or concealed in a pocket or purse, for self-defense. However, the solution can be sold in anything. Pepper spray also comes concealed in items such as rings. There are also pepper spray projectiles available, which can be fired from a paintball gun. While the solution itself is transparent, it often comes with dyes, either visible or UV-reactive, so that it can be identified on the attacker’s skin.
The oleoresin capsicum is highly irritating and causes tears, pain, and temporary blindness. It is inflammatory and causes the eyes to close, taking away vision. The effects are similar to accidentally touching your eyes after handling chilli, but as the solution is a concentrate, the effects are much worse. The effects of the spray allow officers to more easily restrain subjects, and when used defensively, allow one to get away.
Pepper spray is an inflammatory agent. It effects include the immediate closing of the eyes, difficult breathing, runny nose, and coughing. The duration of its effects depends on the strength of the spray but the average full effect lasts around thirty to forty-five minutes, with diminished effects lasting for hours. Furthermore, pepper spray cannot be washed off with water, even using large volumes of water is ineffective. The best way to get rid of the substance is to blink vigorously in order to encourage tears, which will help flush it out of he eyes. Another effective manner is to use contact lens solution which seems to cause relief.
The spray is considered less than lethal, but some concerns have been raise about a number of deaths where being pepper sprayed may have been a contributing factor. The compound, oleoresin capsicum, is not actually lethal. It is legal to carry in most instances; however, due to the hazardous effect it can have, it is banned in certain regions.