The Dead Sea

Where is the Dead Sea?
The Dead Sea is a salt lake bordering Jordan and Israel.

The Dead Sea is actually not a sea at all. It is a lake that has high concentrations of salt. It is in fact one of the saltiest bodies of water in the world. Hence, it is also known as Salt Sea. In 2002, it had 34.2% salinity, which makes it approximately 9.6 times as salty as the ocean.

The Dead Sea is located in the Jordan Rift Valley, and is mainly fed by Jordan River. It borders Jordan to the east and Israel to the west. The lake’s surface and shores are 427 metres (1,401 ft) below sea level, which is the lowest elevation on land. The Dead Sea is 306 m (1,004 ft) deep, effectively the deepest hypersaline lake in the world.

The name of the lake is derived from the fact that nothing actually lives in the lake. This is due to the salinity of the water, which makes it impossible for anything to survive within the water. The salt also makes the water very dense. So dense, in fact that people actually float on the water. Experiencing this is one of the most popular tourist activities.

The lake has actually attracted visitors from around the Mediterranean basin for thousands of years. Historically, the Dead Sea was a refuge for King David, and it was also used as a one of the world's first health resorts for Herod the Great. The Dead Sea has also been a supplier of a wide variety of products, from balms for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers. The salt and minerals from the lake have also been and are still used for cosmetics and herbal sachets.

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