Types of Diabetes

Diabetes has three types: Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes.

Diabetes, scientifically known as diabetes mellitus, is a group of metabolic diseases in which the patient has a high glucose level, i.e. a high blood sugar level. Diabetes can strike anyone and at anytime. Of course, some are more prone to diabetes; however, no one is immune to it.

So, what does it mean to be diagnosed with diabetes? It means that the person has a high blood pressure as they cannot effectively use their blood sugar. This happens due to two main reasons, either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. Insulin is a hormone in the body that allows the cells in the body to absorb the glucose (sugar) in the blood. An excess of glucose in the body can be toxic, which is why insulin plays such an important part.

The tragic part of diabetes is the fact that it is a chronic disease, which means there is no cure to it. If one is diagnosed with it, they must live with it for the rest of their lives, and learn to manage the condition.

There are three types of Diabetes: Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes. Of these, Type 1 and Type 2 are the more common ones.

Type 1:

In this type of Diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to absorb the glucose in the blood. This type of Diabetes is often commonly known as "juvenile diabetes". The reason for this is the fact that one is usually born with this condition and/or is diagnosed with it earlier in life, mainly as a child. The reason for the body’s lack of ability to produce insulin is not known. However, in order to compensate for the lack of insulin, the patient must take insulin injections for the rest of their life. If the patient follows a healthy eating plan, does adequate exercise, and takes insulin, he or she can lead a normal life. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are Type 1.

Type 2:

This is the most common type of Diabetes. Approximately 90% of all diabetes cases are Type 2. Type 2 diabetes is typically a progressive disease, which means that it will get worse overtime. This disease is usually diagnosed in adulthood and overweight and obese people are at a much higher risk of developing this disease. Especially, people with a lot of visceral fat, also known as central obesity, belly fat, or abdominal obesity are at a much higher risk. The reason for this is that being overweight causes the body to release chemicals that can destabilize the body's cardiovascular and metabolic systems; hence leading to an imbalance in the body’s hormones. Furthermore, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases as we get older. Additionally, if one has a family history of diabetes, they are at an even higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. However, one can live with type 2 diabetes, by eating healthy, doing exercise, and managing their blood glucose level. Depending on the blood sugar level, one might also have to take insulin injections.

Gestational Diabetes:

This is the rarest of the diabetes types. This type only affects females during pregnancy. The woman might have acceptable amounts of glucose levels before pregnancy, but might find that she has increased amounts of glucose levels during pregnancy. The majority of gestational diabetes patients can control their diabetes with exercise and diet. However, if left unchecked, gestational diabetes can cause complications during childbirth. Furthermore, gestational diabetes may precede development of type 2 DM.

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