What causes baldness?

Baldness is mainly caused by genetics. It can also be caused by chemotherapy, scalp infections, and stress.

Throughout history, hair is considered to be a sign of beauty. Long and beautiful hair has been coveted by everyone, even if they might not admit it. Hence, it is no wonder that when our hair starts to fall off, it leads to a panic attack. However, what actually causes baldness?

Baldness is medically called “alopecia”. This term refers to any kind of hair loss, no matter the cause. The most common type of hair loss is male/female pattern balding, which is medically termed as androgenetic alopecia (AGA). This is the leading cause of baldness in both men and women.

The main reason behind hair loss, if you believe it or not, is genetics. So you can go ahead and blame your parents. There are certain kinds of genes that are responsible for hair loss. However, despair not, science is very close to identifying these genes and it may lead to a cure soon. Until then, you can just persevere.

Male pattern baldness is usually associated with the male sex hormones called androgens. Androgens have many functions, one of which is to regulate hair growth. The lifecycle of hair has different stages. Hair grows out of the follicle for two to six years. After which it goes through a resting stage of several months and then falls out. The cycle then resets and the hair grows again. However, androgens cause the follicle to grow smaller, which leads to it growing shorter and finer strands, and eventually stops growing hair altogether.

Other factors that can lead to hair loss is chemotherapy Due to this, many cancer patients are often proudly bald, as it is a sign that they are fighting the cancer, fighting for their lives, and are not about to give up soon.

Infections in the scalp can also lead to hair fall, as can stress. Stress in a growing factor in hair fall, especially in today’s fast and modern world. It is rare to find anyone who is not stressed these days, which is sad, because among other negative effects of stress, one is hair fall. In addition, certain cancers, medications, thyroid conditions, and anabolic steroids can also lead to hair loss.

Hair loss can also be bought on by hormonal changes, as well as a side effect of certain medications. However, these types of hair loss are usually temporary and rarely lead to baldness. Once the hormones get back to normal or the medicine is stopped, the hair usually grow back.

Image Courtesy: allwomenstalk.com

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