What is Jana Gana Mana?

Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India.

Jana Gana Mana is a patriotic hymn written by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. He penned this masterpiece in 1911. The hymn has five stanzas, the first of which was eventually adopted as the national anthem of India.

The hymn is written in highly Sanskritised Bengali and was first sung in the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress on 27 December 1911. The date also coincided with the visit of King George V for his Coronation Durbar. Hence, many erroneously believed at the time the phrases “Bharat Bhagya vidhata” and “Adhinayaka”, which roughly translates to “Dispenser of India’s destiny” and “ruler of the minds of all people”, was in reverence of King George V. However, Rabindranath Tagore himself clarified he would never do such a thing and that the hymn actually relates to God who rules all and leads India’s destiny.

When the national anthem is sung, it is accompanied by the orchestral music composed by English composer Herbert Murrill.

Lyrics of Jana Gana Mana:
Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka, Jaya He
Bharata Bhagya Vidhata
Punjab Sindhu Gujarata Maratha
Dravida Utkala Banga
Vindhya Himachala Yamuna Ganga
Uchchhala Jaladtha Taranga
Tava Subha Name Jage
Tava Subha Ashisa Mage
Gahe Tava Jaya Gatha.
Jana Gana Mangala Dayaka, Jaya He
Bharata Bhagya Vidhata,
Jaya He, Jaya He, Jaya He,
Jaya, Jaya, Jaya, Jaya He

In Hindi:
जन गण मन अधिनायक जय हे
भारत भाग्यविधाता
पंजाब सिन्धु गुजरात मराठा
द्राविड़ उत्कल बंगा
विन्ध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा
उच्छल जलधि तरंगा
तव शुभ नामे जागे
तव शुभ आशीष मागे
गाहे तव जयगाथा

जन गण मंगलदायक जय हे
भारत भाग्यविधाता
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे
जय जय जय जय हे!

In Bengali:
জনগণমন-অধিনায়ক জয় হে ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা!
পঞ্জাব সিন্ধু গুজরাট মরাঠা দ্রাবিড় উৎকল বঙ্গ
বিন্ধ্য হিমাচল যমুনা গঙ্গা উচ্ছলজলধিতরঙ্গ
তব শুভ নামে জাগে, তব শুভ আশিষ মাগে,
গাহে তব জয়গাথা।
জনগণমঙ্গলদায়ক জয় হে ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা!
জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় জয় জয় জয় হে।।

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