There are many different reasons that kids wet the bed, including medical or genetic ones.
Bed wetting comes with a lot of shame for many children and many parents believe that children wet the bed because they are too lazy to drag themselves out of bed to the bathroom; however, experts suggest that this is rarely true. Many kids wet the bed due to other reasons than laziness.
When kids are small they usually have no control over their bladders, until they start developing control from the age 3 and above.Experts suggest that wetting the bed should not be considered as a problem until after the child turns 6. Until 6, it is often difficult for a child to control their bladder especially during the night.
According to WebMD, “After age 5, about 15% of children continue to wet the bed, and by age 10, 95% of children are dry at night.” The reasons behind this are astounding.
Wetting the bed can be largely attributed to genes. According to scientists, children can inherit bed wetting genes from their parents. Chromosome 13, 12 and 8 are responsible for controlling the bladder during the night and they are inherited from the parents. If a parent or a first-degree relative of the child used to wet the bed, it is a possibility that the child can as well.
Other factors that may contribute to the bed wetting includes: Delayed bladder maturation (communication between the brain and the bladder is slow to develop, where the brain tells the bladder it is full and to wake the child), Low anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) (this hormone tells the kidney to make less urine), Deep sleepers (children who usually wet the bed are deep sleepers), smaller functional bladder (although the bladder may be normal in terms of size, the brain will the bladder that it is full earlier on), constipation (full bowels press on the bladder and can cause contractions even when the child is awake), and other medical reasons.
Medical reasons are often looked at last because only a few percentage of children exhibit other symptoms of diseases. Medical conditions include diseases such as urinary tract infections, sleep apnea, diabetes, spinal cord problems, and deformities of the bladder or urinary tract. Medical reasons are often looked at if the child losses control over the bladder after he had already learned to control it. Doctors do not look at medical reasons until after the child has turned 6.
Other factors can also include psychological stress such as divorce or bullying or being scared when awake or even night time terrors can cause the child to lose control over their bladder.
Few ways to help control night time wetting includes encouraging a child to pee before bedtime, restricting fluid intake before bed, covering the mattress with plastic, bed-wetting alarms, bladder stretching exercises that may increase how much urine the bladder can hold and lastly medications.
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